History of Cumilla City Corporation



Cumilla region was once under ancient Samatat and was joined with Tripura State. The history of Cumilla town goes back to the 9 th and 10 th century A.D. when the old fortified town “Salban Vihars, Mainamati”, the center of Buddist civilization flourised. This district came under the reign of the kings of the Harikela in the ninth century AD. Lalmai Mainamati was ruled by Deva dynasty (eighth century AD), and (during tenth and mid eleventh century AD). In 1732 it became the center of the Bengal- backed domain of Jagat Manikya. The Peasants Movement against the king of Tripura in 1764, which originally formed under the leadership of Shamsher Gazi, is a notable historical event in Cumilla. It came under the rule of East India Company in 1765. This district was established as Tripura district in 1790. On the first of October, 1960 the name of the district was chaneged from Tippera to the more widely used Cumilla. Chandpur and Brahmanbaria subdivisions of this district were transformed into districts in 1984. Cumilla City as usual is the largest city of Cumilla zila in respect of both population and area.

Nothing is definitely known about the origin of the city name. There is a popular belief that the word Cumilla might had been derived from the word Kamalanka, the old kingdom of Samatat during the first part of the 6th century A.D.

Cumilla faced many important historical events. Communal tension spreaded over Cumilla, when a Muslim was shot in the town during the partition of Bengal in 1905. On 21 November 1921, Kazi Nazrul Islam composed patriotic songs and tried to awaken the town people by protesting the Prince of Wales’s visit to India. During this time, Ovoy Ashram, as a revolutionary institution, played a significant role. Poet Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi visited Cumilla at that time. In 1931, approximately 4000 peasants in Mohini village in Chauddagram Upazilla revolted against a land revenue tax. The British Gurkha s oldiers fired indiscriminately on the crowd, killing four people. In a major peasant gathering, the police fired at Hasnabad of Laksham Upazila in 1932. Two people were killed and many were wounded.

Cumilla Sadar Dakshin Paurashava was comparatively a newly formed Class “A‟ Paurashava. Was declared as a Pourashava on 22/07/2003 The Pourashava was divided into 9 wards.

Cumilla City Corporation was declared on 10 July 2011 comprising the area of Cumilla pourasava and Cumilla Sadar  Dhakshain  Pourashava  . First ever election of City Corporation was held in 5th January, 2012 and elected Mayor Md.Monirul Hoque Shakoo 27 councilors and 9 women councilors for reserve seats took oath on 2nd February, 2012. The first official meeting of Cumilla City Corporation was held in 9th February of 2012.